Appendix

What is appendix The appendix is a thin tube that is about four inches long. The appendix location is in the lower right abdomen. It is attached to the large intestines. In the medical field, it is called vermiform appendix….

Intercostal Muscle Strain

There are twelve vertebrae in the thoracic spine. Each of them is connected to a pair of ribs. The one that is connected directly to the chest bone is the upper seven ribs. Hence, they are called true ribs. The…

Dravet Syndrome

Dravet is a lifelong form of epilepsy. It starts in the first year of life and is called severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy. The seizure persists as the child grows older. Aside from seizure, the patient also has developmental delay…

Melena

Melena Definition The usual color of the stool is light brown to dark brown and it is linked with the decomposition of food and presence of bilirubin. For some reasons, the stool’s color is altered. Black coal tar colored stool…

Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type IV

Osteogenesis imperfecta is a form of genetic disease in which the bone of the patient breaks easily. For this reason, Osteogenesis imperfecta is called brittle bone disease. It is associated with a malfunctioning of one of the genes that make…

Benedict’s Solution

What is Benedict’s solution? It is a substance used to test for simple sugars like glucose. It is clear blue solution consists of sodium carbonate, sodium citrate, and copper sulphate. Benedict’s solution is useful in determining whether the sugar is…

MPV (Mean platelet volume) Blood Test

What is MPV (Mean platelet volume) in blood test ? It refers to the size of the platelet, which is used to determine the functionality of platelet. MPV Blood test is a part of the routine complete blood count (CBC)….

Circumvallate Papillae

Papillae are normal structure on the tongue. They are circular bumps on the surface of the tongue, which give the tongue a bumpy appearance. They are useful in distinguishing different taste. There are four types of papillae on the tongue;…

MCHC Blood Test

What is MCHC in blood test ? What does MCHC mean in a blood test? It stands for mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration. What it does is it measures the amount of haemoglobin in each red blood cell. An MCHC test…

Hobo Spider Bite

What is a Hobo spider? The hobo spider has other common names such as funnel weaver and aggressive house spider. Its actual scientific name is Eratigena agrestis pronounced as air-uh-TIH-jen-uh ah-GREZ-tiss. Eratigena comes from the name Tegenaria and agrestis means…

Splenic Flexure Syndrome

Splenic flexure syndrome Splenic flexure syndrome describes gas, bloating, and muscle spasms in the colon and or discomfort in the upper abdominal area. It has been considered a type of IBS (Irritable bowel syndrome). The gas that is found in…

Collarbone (Clavicle) Pain

The collarbone (clavicle) can have various causes and types of pain. In this article, you will read about the specific anatomy of the collarbone as well as its basic functions. Also found here are the many diagnoses that must be…

Liver Pain

Pain in the liver can be caused by a variety of issues. Most likely if you are experiencing liver pain you may have some sort of liver disease. Liver diseases can include many things such as infections, genetic disorders and…

Valsalva Maneuver

What is Valsalva Maneuver ? Valsalva maneuver pertains to attempted forced exhalation against the closed airway. It is done by closing the mouth and pinching the nose shut while pressing out. It is done to clear the ears during coughing,…

HIV Rash

What is HIV Rash? Any rash is an area of the skin that is irritated and shows redness, swelling and can be painful or itchy. An HIV rash is due to medications taken for HIV or due to low immune…

Leaky Anus (Anal Leakage)

Fecal incontinence in laymen’s terms has been called leaky anus. There are many causes and therefore a variety of treatments for fecal incontinence. Most adults will not ever experience leaky anus and if they do it would only be during…

Itchy skin at night

General reasons why skin may become Itchier at night: There are a few physiological reasons why itchiness may increase during sleep. Here are a few of them. During sleep, your skin may release more water which could cause dryness and…

Throat Anatomy

The throat is a complex part of the body with many structures that surround it that are very important. In this article, you will read about each specific area of the throat as well as its surrounding structures. The throat…

Paper Chromatography

Paper chromatography has a large range of uses. It was “rediscovered” ten years ago and its possible uses seems to grow rapidly. It is a laboratory test to help discover the components of a substance. This can come in handy…

Kidney Pain

The kidney is part of the renal system, it helps to eliminate waste and excessive fluids from your body. If there are issues with the kidney then the pain can be unbearable. In this article, you will learn a bit…

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